CAM Plant: CAM (crassulacean acid metabolism) is an adaptation of arid plants such as the cactus pictured above. CAM plants have an adapted, altered photosynthesis which allows these plants to collect and store carbon dioxide at night, thus allowing the stomata to remain closed in the day time thereby reducing the plant’s water loss.

Long-Day Plant: A long-day plant is a plant that, in order to bloom requires more than twelve hours of sunlight, as opposed to the short-day plant that requires less than twelve hours a day. Examples of long-day plants are summer flowers and garden vegetables such as lettuce (as shown above). Long-day plants often bloom in the summer when the days are long, hence the name long-day plants.

Fermentation: Fermentation is an anaerobic (lacking oxygen) process in which glucose (sugar) can be released through energy without the presence of oxygen. In order to create alcohol such as wine (as shown above), yeast cells within grapes must be fermented. This process is called alcohol fermentation.

Cuticle Layer of a Plant: The cuticle or epidermis layer of a plant is the thick, waxy, protective coating on the leaves of plants. This wax coating helps prevent the plant’s loss of water through evaporation.

Enzyme: An enzyme is a biological compound, such as a protein, that when absorbed/produced by the body can speed up or slow chemical reactions. An example of an enzyme is a banana as pictured above, because it contains proteins that can be absorbed by the body through consumption.