This earthworm is an example of a hermaphrodite. It is a hermaphrodite because it contains both male and female reproductive organs.

Wine is a perfect example of fermentation. Fermentation is the process in which organic foods, like grapes, are converted into similar compounds.

Sugar is a hydrophilic substance, meaning it is water loving, or it can dissolve in water.

Oil is a hydrophobic substance, meaning it can not dissolve in water.


This cactus is an example of a modified leaf of a plant because of its spines. Regular leaves don't conserve water well, so the cactus developed these modified leaves to adapt to its extremely dry environment.