Sophia’s Bio Post!: Week 8(FINAL) + The Hot Zone: Part 4(FINAL)

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Asexual Reproduction

If I were a cell and I wanted to reproduce asexually, this is how I would do it! Split in half and BAM, there’s my offspring. Asexual reproduction is a mode of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single parent, and inherit the genes of that parent only.


In plants, ATP produced through cellular respiration in the mitochondria and photosynthesis in chloroplasts.Its functions are for intracellular energy transport for various metabolic processes including biosynthetic reactions, motility, and cell division. It is also used as a substrate by kinases that phosphorylate proteins and lipids, and by adenylate cyclase to produce cyclic AMP.

Biological Magnification

Biological magnification , is the increase in concentration of a substance, such as the pesticide DDT, that occurs in a food chain as a consequence of : persistence (can’t be broken down by environmental processes), food chain energetics, low (or nonexistent) rate of internal degradation/excretion of the substance (often due to water-insolubility). Fertilizer is a substance that is used to induce biological magnification.

Dominant VS. Recessive

Here is a picture that compares me to my brothers. You can see the many similar qualities we have; that is a result of the inheritance of dominant genes. As you can also see, I’m the only one who has dimples. That is a result of recessive genes that somehow only I received. (AND IT ALSO MEANS I’M THE CUTEST ONE IN THE FAMILY ;D)


Ethylene  is a gaseous organic compound with the formula C2H4. Salt is an example of ethylene.


A eukaryote is an organism whose cells contain complex structures enclosed within membranes. Humans and other animals fall into the category of a eukaryote. Rocky here, is no exception!

Genetic Variation Within a Population

 Here is a population of asians; specifically my childhood friends + my brothers! ❤ Some are related to each other, others not. Within this population you can see some similarities between everyone, but there is VARIATION. That is due to the fact that not all of us carry the same genetics.

Homologous Structure

Structures that are embryologically similar, but have different functions, are called homologous structures. The human arm is an example of a homologous structure. Excuse the similarity my arms have to that of a noodle.


Here is Lam and Lutricia; two of my childhood friends. Every year they make a bet on who’s going to win the super bowl and whoever loses the bet must become the….”female dog” of the other person until the next super bowl. This past year, Lam won and ordered Lutricia to get him a soda. In this relationship, Lam is the only one who benefits at the expense of Lutricia. One could say this is a parasitic relationship.


The prokaryotes are a group of organisms that lack a cell nucleus, or any other membrane-bound organelles. It is possible to get E. Coli (which is a prokayote) from raw, ground beef.


  Rhizome is a characteristically horizontal stem of a plant that is usually found underground, often sending out roots and shoots from its nodes. Ginger is an example of a rhizome.


 In unstable or unpredictable environments, r-selection predominates as the ability to reproduce quickly is crucial.  Traits that are thought to be characteristic of r-selection include: high fecundity, small body size, early maturity onset, short generation time, and the ability to disperse offspring widely. Fish fall into this category.

Seed Dispersal (Wind)

The wind that is blowing my hair is one way that seeds can be dispersed throughout the area. That makes the wind a form of seed dispersal. The wind is also great for pseudo-model shoots.

Segmented Body

A segmented body is a body divided into segments that are often grouped into larger functional units. These meal worms are an example of organisms who have segmented bodies.

Vestigial Structure

 A structure in an organism that has lost all or most of its original function in the course of evolution. The muscles connected to the ears of a human are an example because they do not develop enough to have the same mobility allowed is they were monkeys.


IT’S FINALLY OVER. Thank goodness, that’s another thing to cross off my to-do list. I can’t believe he actually went to Kitum Cave! That’s so crazy, the last thing I would do is the visit the very source of where EBOLA was found. I think he’s stupid, but I do see and understand the admirable aspect of the author going there to explore. There was that little scare where it seemed like he could have possibly been infected when he scrapped his hand on a rock. What is it with people in this book not being careful around deadly diseases? I don’t get it, seriously. It is a wonder as to why he also decided to travel to the quarantined facility in Reston too. I suppose his thirst for knowledge overrides his fear of lethal illnesses. I would like to think that the deteriorating facility is some sort of a symbolism for the death of the virus, however is could very well be the symbolism for its escape. This book ends on a peculiar state and we are still left hanging and wondering whether or not the virus was taken care of. It worries me that this could be real; then again, there hasn’t been any talk of an Ebola outbreak in the States for as long as I can remember. So, in the words of my “wise” freshman brother(what an oxymoron): “I ain’t trippin’.”

P.S. Umm, I hope I wasn’t the only one who had trouble posting this; this has got to be the 543543th time. ALL WEEKEND it didn’t work — Well, at least it finally posted my stuff. I blame my internet provider.


Sophia’s Bio Post!: Week 7

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Unicellular Organism!

Here is BREAD~ I know you’re thinking, how is bread a unicellular organism? It isn’t…HOWEVER, in bread, there’s yeast! If you haven’t guessed where I’m going with this, then pay close attention. Yeast is used to make bread and it is also a unicellular organism, or an organism that consists of only one cell. So, because bread has yeast, it shall serve as a representative for unicellular organisms in my post!


 Sorry, there was a lack of actual mushrooms at my disposal, so here is a can of cream of mushroom soup to represent mushrooms! Mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae. Now, mycelium can form fruiting bodies such as mushrooms.

Lipid Used for Storage!

A lipid is a fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble in non-polar solutions. Oil, such as the ones shown in the picture, is a lipid used for energy storage in animals.


 Yogurt contains eubacteria which turns milk into yogurt after the process of fermentation has occurred. Eubacteria  typically has simple cells with rigid cell walls and often flagella for movement.

Bilateral Symmetry!

 So, as I was pondering the wonders of biology and took a picture of bread, I decided that I would make a sandwich, because pondering on an empty stomach is unhealthy for the mind! AND THEN the bio Gods struck me with insight and I realized that my sandwich had bilateral symmetry; meaning the right half is a mirror image of its left half! What a discovery indeed.

Sophia’s Bio Post: Wk 5&6 + The Hot Zone: Part 3!

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I know, I know. I missed a week @__@ I’m sorry Vandy, but with schedule pick up week + key club obligations, the assignment slipped through the cracks of my mind. SORRY! Here’s everything up to catch me up to date.


This is a bag of cut up mushrooms. Mushrooms are an example of basiodiomycete which is one of two large phyla that, together with the Ascomycota, comprise the subkingdom Dikarya within the Kingdom Fungi. Basidiomycete include mushrooms, puffballs, stinkhorns, etc.

C4 Plant

 C4 Plants use a supplementary method of CO2 uptake which forms a 4-carbon molecule instead of the two 3-carbon molecules of the Calvin cycle. Corn is an example of a C4 Plant.

CAM Plant

CAM Plants, or crassulacean acid metabolism plants, are also C4 plants but instead of segregating the C4 and C3 pathways in different parts of the leaf, they separate them in time instead. Pineapples are great examples of CAM Plants.


Ahah…I didn’t have any shrimp on hand, sooooo SHRIMP FLAVORED RAMEN! Shrimps are ectotherms and are dependent on environmental heat sources.


Enzymes are proteins that catalyze chemical reactions. Oranges are an example because they contain different enzymes.

Epithelial Tissue

Epithelial tissue covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells closely packed and ranged in one or more layers. The tissue that covers my face is an example of epithelial tissue.

Genetically Modified Organism

A Genetically Modified Organism  is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. Tomatoes can be used as an example because they are the most common produce that are used in genetic engineering.


These are BROTHERS. Their Niche, or relational position in it’s environment, within the family is to be annoying and stay up all night playing video games knowing they have to wake up early the next day for Church. This is the result of that role.


I pulled a Meagan! I didn’t want to take a picture of an actual bee, so here’s  Buzz! He is the perfect example of a pollinator, the biotic agent that moves pollen from the male anthers of a flower to the female stigma of a flower to accomplish fertilization.


A population is all the organisms that both belong to the same species and live in the same geographical area.  I didn’t want to go outside, so here’s part of the populations of Hello Kitty items/Stuffed Animals within my room!


Things are getting crazy. The cleaning out of the monkey house was a very intense scene. However, it makes sense because we don’t want any of those monkeys getting out and infecting more people. I feel that the action taken was appropriate and sensible. It was rather worrisome when that one monkey escaped but luckily they were swift enough to catch it and take care of it. It was sad that Nancy’s dad died, just another moment to add to the building drama of the story. In the end I hope they find out more about the virus and be very careful with how they decide to see it. Whether it’s a major or minor threat.

Sophia’s Bio Post: Week 4! + The Hot Zone: Part 2!

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Cellular Respiration!

Cellular respiration is the set of the metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products. Although this is a fake flower, if it were real, it would definitely go through cellular respiration.

Territorial Behavior!

This is Gracie ❤ She is exhibiting territorial behavior over her dog bed AND especially over her blanket! By chewing on it and leaving behind her scent, she is marking her “territory.”

Long-Day Plant!

 And long-day plant is a plant that flowers only after being exposed to light periods longer than a certain critical length, as in summer. An example of this would be lettuce!


 Gibberellins are plant hormones that regulate growth and influence various developmental processes, including stem elongation, germination, dormancy, flowering, sex expression, enzyme induction, and leaf and fruit senescence. Cherries are generally sprayed with gibberellins 3 – 4 weeks before harvest!


This is Cupcake and she is an endotherm because she is an organism that produces heat through internal means, such as muscle shivering or increasing of metabolism.


Okay, enough is enough. I shall sugar coat no more — I genuinely dislike this book. Is the content of the book interesting? …sure. Is it something that I enjoy reading? NOT. AT. ALL. The fact that this strand of ebola zaire is just chillin’ at the monkey house in VIRGINIA is just terrifying. It’s an eye opener to just realize that such a virus could be so close. Sure, Virginia is around 900 miles away from Texas, however, since this virus is AIRBORNE the chances for it to travel a great amount of distance isn’t necessarily low. I do admire the people who risk their lives in order to research this deadly virus. I know that if I were put into that situation, I would just cry and leave, haha. I’m surprised at the level of personal issues that are intermingled with the story. You would think that with a book dealing with Ebola, human relations would be the last thing to worry about. Well, thanks to this book, I am never going to hug a monkey…not that I planned on it, but just in case the opportunity comes to pass in the future… Unlike everyone else, I am NOT looking forward to the rest of the book~

P.S. I posted a day late D; Sorry! Just came back from a trip in Glaveston 🙂 I know it shouldn’t have been, but AP Bio was pretty much in the back of my mind, haha. Love ya’ Vandyyy ❤

Sophia’s Bio Post: Week 3!

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C3 Plant!

This apple is a C3 Plant because it utilizes the C3 carbon fixation pathway as the sole mechanism to convert CO2 into an organic compound. This apple is kinda old, but it’s allll gooood~


Hey thar sweet thaaang, gimme some suga’! Why? Well, because it’s hydrophilic and anything that’s willing to to mix with water bodes well with me! ;D


I wanted to be cool and show that the hydrophobic characteristics of oil wouldn’t touch my cute strawberry ring; however I wasn’t quick enough to realize that dropping in the ring with oil on top would still get it covered with it! WHATEVA’, Oil is hydrophobic because it lacks the affinity for water and doesn’t mix with it.


This fake plant is an example of a frond, which is a large leaf that has many divisions.


This lovely bottle of wine is an example of fermentation. It is the product that comes from the fermentation of grapes. I keep this baby in my secret stash for my more refined, connoisseur type companions ;D Only joking, I have no friends.

The Hot Zone: Part 1!

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This book is pretty gross. Although I don’t really enjoy its grotesque subject explained in vivid detail — I’ve gotta say — this book is pretty interesting. The symptoms that Charles Monet experiences are very basic symptoms that I could imagine anyone going through with just an acute illness. However, that is not the case here. Of course this virus just HAD to come from a monkey. It just seems like they’re the hosts of it all, just like in Osmosis Jones. Unfortunately Monet did not make it, but it is a wonder how the doctor was able to survive from the Marburg filovirus. It doesn’t surprise me that they talk about Ebola in this book, for it is a very severe illness that induces many graphic results. I cannot even begin to imagine what it would be like if I had Ebola. With emphasis on how truly horrible it is, I think I’d rather get hit by a car. OH and Dr. Nancy was VERY careless, I mean, you would think that if you’re a doctor at that level, you would understand the importance of handling blood with an open wound! She’s lucky she didn’t get contaminated, and for that I applaud her. In the book, it seems like access to these deadly viruses comes so easily. Why isn’t anything being done about it? Something so serious should be given attention and action. If too many people get infected, then who’s to say it wouldn’t be a national threat? This book is definitely disturbing, but I shall read on~

Sophia’s Bio Post: Week 2!

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I am a heterotroph, like every human is! The reason being because I cannot fix carbon and use organic carbon for growth. I must get my means of energy and nutrients from secondary consumption, like eating a juicy watermelon! YUM~

Adaptation of a Plant!

This is a picture of fallen leaves. Trees lose their leaves in order to maintain as much moisture as they possibly can. This is an example of an adaptation of a plant!

Amniotic Egg!

This chicken egg is an example of an amniotic egg. It’s because the egg contains a yolk to nourish the developing organism. Amniotic eggs protect the developing organism, as well as aid in gas and energy exchange.


This is a DELISH lobster awaiting to be devoured by yours truly 😉 It is an example of an organism who has an exoskeleton. Seeing as to how it has a tough, shell exterior to support it and give it structure and its insides are all soft, tender, and yummo!

Connective Tissue!


Were this to be taken in the olden times, they’d think me scandalous!!

My whole body is covered in connective tissue, which is a fibrous tissue that makes up a variety of physical structures including: tendons, blood, cartilage, bone, adipose tissue, and lymphatic tissue.

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